Its other peculiarity lies in the fact that it often needs to be certified without technically being an item for export. When a foreign company has to carry out electrical work in Russia, and the cables or wiring it intends to use do not have the correct certification, then it must obtain the certificate in the same way as if it wanted to sell electrical cables in Russia.
CUTR 004/2011: the main regulation that applies to electrical cables
The Eurasian Union’s Technical Regulation 004, dating from 2011, is called “Safety of Low Voltage Electrical Elements” (download here) and, as such, applies to cables whose voltage is between 50 and 1000V in alternating current (AC), and between 75 and 1500V in direct current (DC).
All cables operating in different voltage ranges must be subject to the national regulations of each Eurasian Union country in question. In Russia’s case, a mandatory GOST-R Certificate must be obtained.
Speaking about Community regulations again, it is worth noting that these regulations will determine the circumstances as to whether you will need to obtain an EAC Certificate, or whether you will require an EAC Declaration of Conformity. Much will depend on factors such as the working environment (industrial, construction, private use, etc.), the function of the cable itself (control, power, signaling, etc.), its type (single-pole, multi-pole, etc.) and, as always, its tariff code. In practice, the EAC Certificate of Conformity is usually the most requested document as far as cables are concerned, which implies the need to carry out very strict laboratory tests on product samples that can exceed 100 meters in length.
CUTR 020/2011: the importance of electromagnetic compatibility
The fact that cables can create electromagnetic fields and, therefore, interfere with the normal operation of industrial equipment, is subject to the CUTR 020/2011 (Electromagnetic Compatibility) Regulation.
In order to obtain EAC certification, it is often necessary to demonstrate compliance with this standard, which is, in any case, heavily influenced by the 2004 Analogous European Standards.
This is the theory behind electrical cable exportation, but, to get to know exactly what the legal requirements are to export electrical cables to Russia (along with their relative costs), please do get in touch with us, and have the tariff code of each product to hand.
Photo credit: wolandazazello